Examining a German Shepherd puppy at birth for congenital defects, you can find an umbilical hernia. It looks like bloating instead of a normal navel. A small hole in the abdominal wall through which part of the membrane can exit is called a hernial ring. The part of the membrane where the puppy’s internal organs located near the opening can get is called the hernial membrane. The protruded abdominal membrane is called a hernial sac. What are the causes of the onset of the disease and methods of treatment – we will consider in this article?
Features of the disease
At the birth of a puppy, ideally, the ring in the navel should shrink. However, it happens that the ring is either irregular in shape or too large. As a result, there is no natural closure of the abdominal wall, as a result of which a German shepherd puppy develops an umbilical hernia.
An umbilical hernia can be true, that is, consisting of an umbilical ring and a sac, and false – without a hernia sac.
Umbilical hernia is of several types:
If it is correctable, then its contents can easily be thrust back.
If adhesions form between the contents of the hernial sac and the walls, then it is called irreparable.
In the first two cases, an umbilical hernia does not cause any inconvenience and pain to the puppy, there are no signs of inflammation or swelling. The skin around is normal, without redness.
The most dangerous type is a restrained umbilical hernia. In this case, the contents of the bag are squeezed by the hernial opening, as a result of which infringement occurs. Immediate treatment is required.
Causes of occurrence
Causes of umbilical hernia:
Congenital umbilical hernia
Due to the hereditary predisposition, the puppy may have weakness in the tissues of the abdominal wall. A genetic factor influences the formation of shortcomings in the umbilical ring in a puppy in the womb. The hernial opening is stretched due to improper contractions of the umbilical vein and the artery forming the umbilical-hepatic and umbilical-vesical ligaments. During childbirth, the umbilical ring enlarges, thereby causing an umbilical hernia.
The hereditary disposition is easy to recognize by observing the communication of the mother and puppies. If a bitch drags her babies by the umbilical cord, then this habit went to her at the genetic level.
If the fetus has a genetic disposition for the appearance of an umbilical hernia, respectively, no matter how neatly the birth has passed, it will still appear.
Acquired umbilical hernia
The disease can occur during childbirth if the mother or obstetrician is strongly pulled by the umbilical cord. Accordingly, the cause of the injury will be.
If the female bites the umbilical cord incorrectly or the person taking the birth cuts it incorrectly, the umbilical cord begins to stretch, which causes the umbilical ring to expand.
With increased pressure inside the abdomen due to constipation, diarrhea, strong gas, or vomiting, a hernia may appear.
Is the disease dangerous
Depending on the type of umbilical hernia, you can determine whether to worry or not.
If a recently born German Shepherd puppy decreases, when feeling, an umbilical hernia of a small size decreases, then perhaps she herself will disappear soon. You will need to use a coin and a band-aid, and no problems.
A small hernia that does not contain adipose tissue and does not change size almost never brings harm and complications. In this case, nothing will fall out through a small hole inside. If you do not want your puppy to have a disease, you can take advantage of cosmetic surgery.
If there is a risk that internal organs may fall out through the hernial foramen, then there is a possibility for infringement. This species must be operated on immediately, otherwise, the disease threatens the life of the German Shepherd.
If an umbilical hernia appears in a puppy due to a genetic predisposition, other hereditary diseases can also be expected.
Whatever causes an umbilical hernia, you should take the disease with all responsibility and show the shepherd to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
If the hernia is not healed in time, then big problems are possible in the future. For example, an umbilical hernia can prevent a bitch from carrying offspring. During pregnancy, there is a risk of puppies falling into the hernia bag, which can lead not only to the loss of the entire litter but also to the uterus.
Symptoms of the disease
The main symptom of an umbilical hernia is a slight swelling in the area of the navel. When probing, it is soft to the touch, does not hurt the puppy.
If a puppy of a German shepherd has a restrained hernia, then the symptoms will be:
- an increase in hernia;
The puppy becomes lethargic, ceases to eat and defecate, it constantly vomits. He stands in a forced position due to acute abdominal pain. In this case, the animal requires urgent surgery. If you do not take him to the doctor on time, the puppy will die.
The veterinarian, probing a hernia, can determine not only its size but also the contents of the hernial sac. Having correctly diagnosed, the doctor, accordingly, will be able to determine the method of treatment.
If the umbilical hernia is small and touchable, then a conservative method of treatment can be dispensed with. To do this, you need to do a daily massage of the hernial ring using ointments prescribed by the veterinarian. An injection of medical alcohol into the muscles of the abdominal cavity around the hernial ring will also help.
After it was possible to correct the contents of the hernial sac, it is necessary to shave the site of the disease, thereby relieving it of the hair. Then wipe with alcohol or iodine, flatten with something, and glue with a medical plaster.
In any other case, you will need to have surgery. Especially with a restrained umbilical hernia.
Do not worry – the operation is simple, it passes quickly and easily tolerated by the dog. Moreover, the animal is anesthetized or general anesthetized.
After the operation, the puppy will be stitched, which will need to be removed after ten days. To do this, you will have to contact your veterinarian again.
In order to prevent the appearance of an umbilical hernia in a German shepherd, it is worthwhile to take preventive actions in advance.
Remember – you can’t just cut off the umbilical cord too close to the stomach for puppies just born – you need to leave a few centimeters. Ideally, two to four is enough.
Do not let the kids get up too early on the limbs, much less jump. Otherwise, internal organs may displace.
You can not take the puppy by the front or hind limbs, you can lift it only under the stomach. Especially if there are small children in the house – watch them, otherwise, they will start pulling the puppies at random, causing them irreparable harm.
If the umbilical hernia still formed, it is worthwhile to show the German Shepherd puppy to the veterinarian as soon as possible. After a thorough examination, the doctor will advise what is best done in your case.