German shepherd is one of the most popular breeds in the world. This is a smart dog, easily amenable to training, she has a balanced psyche and good disposition. Therefore, the Germans more often than others act in films, are used for official purposes, become excellent shepherds, security guards, and companions.
Consider the rules of keeping and caring for German shepherds.
Preparing for the appearance of a German Shepherd puppy
Although German shepherds are considered very easy to maintain and care for, the breed of the dog will grow, depending on the efforts exerted by its owner.
German shepherds are large breeds, so puppies grow long enough. A German is considered fully adult upon reaching 3 years of age.
It is better to buy a puppy in a well-known kennel with good reviews. Then you can be sure of the purity of the pet breed.
The health of puppies is directly dependent on the health of their parents, the maintenance and care of them. Inbreeding nurseries only animals with good health and a stable psyche are allowed.
A German shepherd puppy, which will be the choice, must comply with the weight standards, have all vaccinations by age, have their own passport. The kid must be chosen to the extent active and inquisitive.
Important! Puppy health can be determined by the eyes. The view is meaningful, focused, clear. There are no secretions under the eyes.
Before acquiring a puppy, it is important to hide all the wires so that he cannot bite them. In an inaccessible place to remove shoes, all things that reach the baby of the German breed.
Care must be taken in advance so that keeping a dog does not become a tragedy for shoes.
In the apartment you can put an aviary, which will limit the puppy in moments when no one is home.
The Germans need company, and leaving them alone for an entire day in an empty apartment is a bad idea.
Features of caring for a German shepherd puppy
Caring for a shepherd puppy is no more difficult than caring for puppies of other breeds. It is important to adhere to certain rules, and then the pet from a small puppy will turn into a large, strong, and healthy dog.
At 1 month, his mother takes care of the puppy. Through breast milk, he gains immunity, which will protect him from the harmful effects of the environment. Care before the first month is the responsibility of the breeder. At this time, it is necessary to provide the nursing mother shepherd with a complete diet and comfortable maintenance, change the litter, and monitor the health of the entire litter.
At 2 months, caring for a puppy becomes the responsibility of its new owner. After moving, the baby will miss his mother, and care for him should be similar to the mother. You need to play with him, stroke him, and give praise. Feed 5-6 times a day in small portions.
At the age of 3–6 months, the puppy socializes, learns his first commands. Maintenance and care become easier, as the baby is independent and not so demanding on attention.
It is important to do all vaccinations during this period. After a small shepherd dog can be taken outside.
Make sure that the puppy does not pick up anything from the ground. You can feed 3-4 times a day, and from 6 months – 2 times a day.
Another important question: is it possible to keep a German shepherd puppy on the street in winter, does this contradict the rules of care?
The answer depends on whether the aviary is insulated, what the weather is, and how many months the baby is. Keeping a German shepherd puppy in the winter on the street is possible starting from 3 months of age when he has a dense and warm undercoat. In this case, the temperature is not lower than minus 10 degrees Celsius.
An adult shepherd can be kept outdoors in winter at temperatures up to minus 20 degrees.
Features of keeping a German shepherd in an apartment
This is a large breed, therefore it is better to keep German shepherds in a private house. The pet must have a booth and a spacious aviary. Its floor is poured with concrete or covered with boards, as shepherds like to dig. Thanks to the warm and thick fur, this breed feels great on the street in winter.
It is better to keep the shepherd in a private house, but she can live in an apartment, although the apartment maintenance will differ from the street. The pet is assigned a place, not in the kitchen, and not on the balcony. It is better to lay the litter in a place protected from cold and drafts.
Shepherd dog needs to buy toys. You cannot allow sleeping on a bed or sofa. It is better to keep a German shepherd in a spacious apartment. In a small room, living with a large dog will be crowded.
Due to the structure of the limbs of the German Shepherd, the floor in the apartment should not be slippery. It is better to cover it with something to avoid dislocations and injuries.
If the dog lives in an apartment, he must be walked at least twice a day. Walking should be filled with activities, as the German Shepherd is a service breed.
An important element of proper care and maintenance is a balanced diet. There are two options for feeding a German shepherd:
- Natural food.
- Finished feed.
Natural diets include meat, cereals, vegetables, and fruits. As an animal protein, veal, chicken, and turkey should be preferred. You can’t give pork. Porridge should be no more than 30% of the diet. To them add a tablespoon of vegetable oil.
Boneless fish is given when the shepherd is one year old. Sour-milk products are present in the puppy’s diet: cottage cheese and kefir. Once a week, you can add the yolk of one chicken egg to food. Finely chop vegetables or grate fruits. Bread, sweets, spices should not be given.
German shepherd puppies have very long hind limbs. Therefore, it is recommended to add top dressing containing calcium and phosphorus to the natural diet. This will avoid joint problems and rickets.
In the second feeding option, preference should be given to premium feed. They are rich in all the vitamins and minerals needed by the German Shepherd. Food should be selected in accordance with the age and size of the German breed dog.
Training and education
An important aspect of caring for a puppy is parenting. Socialization of crumbs can begin at the age of one month. At this time, he was introduced to different people, so that its further content would not cause problems. But it is better not to rush in contact with animals, not all vaccinations have been made to the baby.
At 2-3 months the shepherd is taught the first teams: “to me”, “voice”, “fu”, place ”. With care and upbringing, the baby is encouraged by treats.
You cannot shout at a German or beat a puppy. If he does something bad (for example, in the heat of the game he will bite the owner), you can grab the puppy by the mouth and press it to the ground. Or stop the game, turn away and go to another place.
If a pet needs to be taught difficult teams, it makes sense to turn to a professional dog handler for help. Having completed a training course, the German shepherd will be an ideal guard and protector.
Letting out a little puppy is possible only after mandatory vaccinations. While vaccinations have not been done, the contents are only flat, and the baby shepherd is laid on the floor with disposable baby diapers. Put a puppy on it after eating or sleeping. When he goes to the toilet, pets are praised.
You need to train a German shepherd to go to the toilet on the street gradually. After each meal, take the baby out and walk with him until he does his job. It is recommended to bring a familiar diaper with you. Punishing if the puppy still goes to the toilet at home should not be.
An important condition for the proper maintenance and care of the German Shepherd is the hygiene of the animal.
Bathing puppies and adult dogs
Frequent bathing and the use of shampoos leads to a deterioration in the coat of the animal. One of the rules of care for apartment maintenance: bathing a German shepherd should be no more than three times a year. If the dog lives in an aviary, it’s unlikely that the owners will bathe more often.
Do not use human shampoos or detergents, only specialized ones, for the care of shepherds or other dogs with a similar type of coat. When bathing, it is important to ensure that water does not get into the ears, and shampoo in the eyes.
When keeping the animal in the apartment, of course, I do not want to see traces of dirty paws on the floor. If the German shepherd gets dirty, it is necessary to wash the pet with shower water without using any chemical agents. Dust can be removed with a damp, clean cloth.
German shepherds belong to breeds molting all year. Therefore, in the absence of constant wool care, there will be a lot of wool on the floor and on the furniture.
It is recommended to comb out the pet with a special slicker. It is better to teach this type of care from a young age and do it every three days. During periods of active molting, combing a German breed dog is worth every day.
When caring for the eyes, one must pay attention to their condition. There should be no redness on the eyelids but under the eyes of discharge. Eyes should be wiped once a week with a clean cloth moistened with drinking water. If dust gets into the eye, it should be washed with chamomile infusion.
Dental care is as follows:
- make sure that a plaque does not form, for this the shepherd dog is offered special bones with fluoride content or ordinary calf bones; it is impossible to give tubular chicken and pork bones.
- once a month to clean the shepherd’s teeth with a special powder;
- gums and mucous membranes of the oral cavity should not be inflamed.
The ears of the German Shepherd also need proper care. In normal conditions, a little transparent sulfur is visible in the dog’s ear.
A large amount of sulfur, dark and purulent discharge indicate health problems. You should clean your ears once a month, use regular ear sticks and special solutions from a veterinary pharmacy.
Oddly enough, it sounds about a large dog: you need claw care. Often they grind themselves during active walks. But there are times when overgrown claws prevent the animal from walking. Then they should be cut.
Inside the nail, closer to the finger, there are blood vessels and nerves, therefore it is impossible to cut the nail under the root. Using special scissors or regular nail clippers, trim the tip of the nail. When walking, the nails should not touch the floor.
Grooming a puppy’s claws is not the most pleasant thing for an animal, therefore, after the procedure, the pet should be encouraged.
Important! If nevertheless, a blood vessel was touched, bleeding can be stopped with a cotton swab moistened with hydrogen peroxide.
Walking and exercise
Proper maintenance of the dog is impossible without constant physical exertion. The frequency and duration of walks of the German Shepherd depending on age. Up to 2.5 months is not recommended to let the puppy out or introduce it to other animals.
The kid is taken out after each meal, 5-6 times a day. The duration of the walk should not exceed 5 minutes. From 4 months you can increase it to 30-40 minutes, gradually reducing the number of walks.
An adult shepherd should walk twice a day for one to two hours. The Germans are very temperaments, and they need to put extra energy somewhere. Without long daily walks, they will become uncontrollable. The dog is walked until she is tired.
In addition, we must not forget that the German Shepherd is a working breed that was bred for human service. If the dog was brought “for the soul” and the content is exclusively apartment-based, all the same, this must be taken into account.
It is best to attend specialized training, which is now a lot: for service, guard dogs, etc. If this is not possible, then be sure to deal with a four-legged friend yourself. Teach him to wear a wand, a ball, bring slippers, a newspaper.
The German breed cannot live idle – otherwise the dog will get bored and his character will deteriorate.
It is useful to go for a walk with the owners of other socialized and adequate dogs. For Germans, it is important to communicate not only with the owner. Contact with stray animals should be avoided; they carry parasites and infections.
When keeping a German shepherd, it is important to pay close attention to the vaccination of the pet.
Dogs are constantly on the street, in contact with other animals and the environment. To avoid an infectious disease of a pet and parasitic infection, it is important to give him all the timely vaccinations.
A German shepherd puppy is first vaccinated at the age of one month. After vaccination, the dog should be especially carefully taken care of: check the temperature, do not supercool it. The next vaccine is administered after a month.
The last vaccination for a puppy is done at the age of 4-7 months. After this, the baby is allowed to walk outside. Further, routine vaccination should be carried out annually.
Health and Treatment
Subject to all recommendations for the care and maintenance of the German Shepherd, the pet will delight the owner in good health. Germans are not as prone to certain diseases as small breeds. But still, there are dangers from which this dog is not safe.
Any owner of a German shepherd will inevitably encounter parasites. This can not be avoided, as the dog walks on the street.
In order to avoid infection with worms, once every three months you need to do preventive maintenance. In accordance with the weight of the shepherd, you need to give an anthelmintic preparation in the morning on an empty stomach.
If the animal is infected, give the tablets once every few days until the dog’s stool is clear of worms.
Special shampoos drops, and collars will help get rid of fleas. Special sprays or drops on the withers will protect against ticks.
Tick treatment should be carried out regularly from March to November. It can not be neglected, tick bites can lead to serious consequences, even death.
Due to improper housing conditions or an inadequate diet, German shepherds may not get up or ears fall on time. A diet review may help.
In an extreme case, the veterinarian will prescribe injections that will positively affect the development of the puppy’s bone and cartilage.
There are many other diseases that are dangerous for shepherds. If symptoms of the disease occur, the pet should be taken to the veterinarian. Many diseases can be completely cured only in the initial stages.
Thus, in order to properly care for a German shepherd, you need to adhere to a certain list of rules.
It is important to carefully monitor the health of the four-legged friend. Timely vaccination will help to avoid a large list of diseases. And proper education will turn a stupid and inept puppy into a loyal and intelligent friend.